Conditional DDE

Here’s a little trick we’d like to share in the end-of-year rush: DDE is the new black, malware authors quickly adopted the technique and so did pentesters and red teams in order to simulate the latest attacks. According to our experience trivial DDE payloads (like fully readable PowerShell scripts) slip...

2 minute read

Notes on McAfee Security Scan Plus RCE (CVE-2017-3897)

At the end of last month, McAfee published a fix for a remote code execution vulnerability in its Security Scan Plus software. Beyond Security, who we worked with for vulnerability coordination published the details of the issue and our PoC exploit on their blog. While the vulnerability itself got some...

3 minute read

Fools of Golden Gate

In this blog post, we once again demonstrate that excessive reliance on automated tools can hide significant risks from the eyes of defense. Meanwhile, we discuss technical details of critical vulnerabilities of Oracle Golden Gate and show another disappointing example of the security industries approach to product quality. The Shining...

6 minute read

Not so unique snowflakes

When faced with the problem of identifying entities, most people reach for incremental IDs. Since this requires a central actor to avoid duplicates and can be easily guessed, many solutions depend on UUIDs or GUIDs (universally / globally unique identifiers). However, although being unique solves the first problem, it doesn’t...

4 minute read

Beyond detection: exploiting blind SQL injections with Burp Collaborator

It’s been a steady trend that most of our pentest projects revolve around web applications and/or involve database backends. The former part is usually made much easier by Burp Suite, which has a built-in scanner capable of identifying (among others) injections regarding latter. However, detection is only half of the...

5 minute read

An update on MD5 poisoning

Last year we published a proof-of-concept tool to demonstrate bypasses against security products that still rely on the obsolete MD5 cryptographic hash function. Summary: The method allows bypassing malicious executable detection and whitelists by creating two executables with colliding MD5 hashes. One of the executables (“sheep”) is harmless and can...

3 minute read

Bake your own EXTRABACON

In the last couple of days we took a closer look at the supposed NSA exploit EXTRABACON, leaked by Shadow Brokers. As an initial analysis of XORcat concluded, the code is capable of bypassing authentication of Cisco ASA devices after exploiting a memory corruption vulnerability in the SNMP service. We...

14 minute read

Accessing local variables in ProGuarded Android apps

Debugging applications without access to the source code always has its problems, especially with debuggers that were built with developers in mind, who obviously don’t have this restriction. In one of our Android app security projects, we had to attach a debugger to the app to step through heavily obfuscated...

6 minute read